In the early spring, corn, fruits, and flowers grew as usual, but then cold rains followed by several days of snow in June killed off almost all crops. The New England landscape was as bleak and lifeless as in the dead of winter. People turned to prayer, asking forgiveness for the sins for which they were now being punished. But this did not help. The series of cold spells continued throughout the summer, devastating the region's farms and prompting many thousands to hastily pack up and head for the frontier. The greatest threat to America's well being was just beginning. And so were the responses to this crisis, which would help create a modern nation.